700:1 Sub-Micro Plastic Planetary Gearmotor 6Dx21L mm

AUD $15.95

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Our Code: SKU-003176

Supplier: [Pololu MPN:2359]

This tiny, cylindrical gearmotor consists of a coreless brushed DC motor and a 700:1 plastic planetary gearbox. The entire assembly has a diameter of just 6 mm (0.24″) and an extremely light weight of 1.3 g (0.046 oz), making it a great actuator for miniature robots and very small mechanisms.


Description

26:1 sub-micro plastic planetary gearmotor next to a micro metal gearmotor and a LEGO Minifigure for size reference

26:1 sub-micro plastic planetary gearmotor next to a micro metal gearmotor and a LEGO Minifigure for size reference

Sub-micro plastic planetary gearmotors.  Gear ratios from top to bottom: 700:1, 136:1, 26:1

Sub-micro plastic planetary gearmotors. Gear ratios from top to bottom: 700:1, 136:1, 26:1

Overview

These tiny brushed DC gearmotors have a diameter of just 6 mm and weigh just over a gram, which makes them great actuators for miniature robots and very small mechanisms. They consist of a coreless motor fastened to a planetary gearbox by a small clip. The gears are made from liquid crystal polymers (LCPs), and gearbox’s nylon output shaft is compatible with our 14 mm wheels. Three gear ratios are available:

  • 26:1, which has a free run speed of 2500 RPM and stall torque of 1.5 oz-in (110 g-cm) at 6 V
  • 136:1, which has a free run speed of 500 RPM and stall torque of 8 oz-in (550 g-cm) at 6 V
  • 700:1, which has a free run speed of 90 RPM and stall torque of 12 oz-in (900 g-cm) at 6 V

Note: Stalling or overloading gearmotors can greatly decrease their lifetimes and even result in immediate damage. For these gearboxes, the recommended upper limit for instantaneous torque is 3.5 oz-in (250 g-cm); we strongly advise keeping applied loads well under this limit. Stalls can also result in rapid (potentially on the order of seconds) thermal damage to the motor windings and brushes; a general recommendation for brushed DC motor operation is 25% or less of the stall current.

The intended nominal operating voltage for these motors is 3 V to 6 V, though in general, these kinds of motors can be used at voltages outside this range (rotation typically starts between 0.2 V and 0.3 V). Lower voltages might not be practical, and higher voltages could start negatively affecting the life of the motor. When operating at 3 V, the free-run speed, stall torque, and stall current will all be approximately half of what they are at 6 V as these specifications scale roughly linearly with voltage.

Since the gearmotor’s output shaft is nylon, there can be small variances in the diameter from unit to unit. These variations might cause press-fit attachments like our 14 mm wheel to fit loosely in some instances. If you experience a loose fit, you could try swapping wheels or using a small dab of glue to help hold the wheel on.

Gearmotor dimensions

The following diagram shows the micro plastic gearmotor dimensions in mm. The planetary gearbox has a D-shaped plastic output shaft, which is 2 mm in diameter with a section that is flattened by 0.5 mm. The “D” portion of the shaft is 2.5 mm long. The motor measures 6 mm in diameter and 9.3 mm in length, and the gearbox length, labelled “L” in the diagram below, depends on the gear ratio. The motor leads come with their tips pre-stripped and extend approximately 2 cm (0.8″) from the back of the motor.

Dimensions of the Sub-Micro Plastic Planetary Gearmotors.  Units are mm over [inches]

Dimensions of the Sub-Micro Plastic Planetary Gearmotors. Units are mm over [inches]

This dimension diagram is also available as a downloadable PDF (92k pdf).

Motor accessories

The micro plastic gearmotor’s output shaft is compatible with our 14 mm wheels. We do not have any brackets for this gearmotor, and it does not have any mounting holes, but its compact size makes it easy to fasten with tape or glue. Alternatively, since this gearmotor is nearly the same size as a 1/4″ fuse, it can be mounted using standard 1/4″ (6 mm) fuse clips, which can be found at places like Radio Shack and Digi-Key.

Sub-micro plastic planetary gearmotor with a 14x4.5mm wheel

Sub-micro plastic planetary gearmotor with a 14x4.5mm wheel

26:1 sub-micro plastic planetary gearmotor being held by a 1/4″ (6 mm) fuse clip

26:1 sub-micro plastic planetary gearmotor being held by a 1/4″ (6 mm) fuse clip


Specifications

Dimensions

Size: 6D × 21L mm
Weight: 1.3 g
Shaft diameter: 2 mm

General specifications

Gear ratio: 700:1
Free-run speed @ 6V: 90 rpm
Free-run current @ 6V: 45 mA
Stall current @ 6V: 400 mA
Stall torque @ 6V: 12 oz·in

Resources

File downloads

Dimension diagram of Sub-Micro Plastic Planetary Gearmotors (92k pdf)
3D models of Sub-Micro Plastic Planetary Gearmotors (1MB zip)
This file contains 3D models (in the step file format) of the Sub-Micro Plastic Planetary Gearmotors.

Recommended links

MATLAB script to plot motor performance curves for Pololu brushed DC gearmotors
This MATLAB script, written by Ali Asgher Mansoor Habiby, plots speed, power, current draw, and efficiency as they vary with torque when you input the gearmotor specifications. It also prints the resistance of the motor, and the current draw and torque at which maximum efficiency and maximum power occur.

FAQs

I need additional information about this motor; do you have a datasheet?

No; the information we have available for this motor can be found on its product page. However, you can approximate various additional motor parameters from the information found in the “Specs” tab.

The electrical resistance of the motor can be approximated by dividing the rated voltage by the stall current (at the rated voltage). The electromotive force constant (Ke) can be approximated by dividing the rated voltage by the free-run speed (at the rated voltage). To approximate the motor torque constant (Kt), you can divide the stall torque by the stall current.

For pretty much any DC motor, the current, speed, power, and efficiency curves as a function of torque will look like those in the graph below (assuming motor voltage and temperature are constant):

The current and speed curves are approximately linear, and the product pages for our motors provide the approximate end points for these lines: (0 torque, no-load current) and (stall torque, stall current) for the red line, and (0 torque, no-load speed) and (stall torque, 0 speed) for the blue line.

The orange output power curve is the product of the speed and the torque, which results in an inverted parabola with its peak at 50% of the stall torque.

The green efficiency curve is the output power divided by the input power, where the input power is current times voltage. The voltage is constant, so you can divide the output power curve by the current line to get the general shape of the efficiency curve, which in turn lets you identify the torque, speed, and current that correspond to max efficiency.

There are many programs out there that you can use to generate these curves. For example, if you have access to MATLAB, you can use this customer-created MATLAB script to generate these motor plots for you from the specifications we provide for each gearmotor.

Note: A good general rule of thumb is to keep the continuous load on a DC motor from exceeding approximately 20% to 30% of the stall torque. Stalling gearmotors can greatly decrease their lifetimes, occasionally resulting in immediate damage to the gearbox or thermal damage to the motor windings or brushes. Do not expect to be able to safely operate a brushed DC gearmotor all the way to stall. The safe operating range will depend on the specifics of the gearmotor itself.

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